Under the PE2020 project an in-depth analysis has been done of 38 innovative PE initiatives. One of the outputs of such an analysis has been that many innovative PE processes reflect boundary work across domains, many times challenging existing norms and conceptions of the role of citizens, research, innovation and appropriate ways to communicate science in society.

Among the institutional boundary practices identified, the following can be mentioned:

  • Multi-level policy communication – local, national, international
  • Multi-actor collaboration – public, private
  • Multi-functional communication – science communication, scientific exploration
  • Trans-disciplinary design – various sciences and practical expertise
  • Cross-sectoral dissemination – motivation of participants, global communication, provision of expertise etc.
  • Increasing organisational complexity, globalisation – strategic specialisation, spreading to more than 100 countries
  • Methodological iteration – local deliberative events, reconvened groups, final event
  • Historical continuity – 20 years of elaboration of the science shop approach
  • Political embedding – integration of the process in policy design
  • Expansion and programmatisation – widening and deepening use of the citizen science approach.